Merpati Nusantara Airlines (often abbreviated to Merpati Airlines or Merpati Air) is a large Indonesian airline based in Jakarta. It was founded in 1962 by the Indonesian Government to become the second state airline next to Garuda Indonesia. The idea was to have Merpati take over the regional flights which were developed by the Air Force after independence. The mission of Merpati Airlines was to connect those far-away regions with the rest of the country by forming an air bridge. This goal to become an air bridge is was behind the design of its current logo.
The word Merpati means dove in Bahasa Indonesia while Nusantara is a Javanese word originally meaning the outer islands but now refers to the Indonesian Archipelago.
Merpati was acquired by the Garuda Group in 1978 but was later separated again, probably due to financial difficulties and currently Merpati is owned for 93.2 % by the Government and the rest by Garuda. Although the air bridge is a theme in Merpatiâ€™s existence, the consequent financial problems this social service brings is a theme too. As recent as 2012 Merpati got a financial injection of over $ 60 million (Rp. 516 billion) from the government to be able to keep flying and invest in newer aircraft. It currently uses ten older Boeing 737 and fourteen new Chinese made propeller aircraft (Xian MA60).
Free of charge luggage will be provided:
- Jet Aircraft: Business class to class C (Charlie) 30 kilograms and for class I (one) 25 kg. As for the class Y (Yankee) economic Luggage Free of Charge only 20 kg.
- Aircraft Propeller I: Baggage Free of Charge 15 kg.
- Aircraft Propeller II: Baggage Free of Charge 10 kg.